Returning to New York that year, Baker lent her efforts to the campaign to release the imprisoned black radical Angela Davis. She pushed the organization to decentralize its leadership structure and to aid its membership in more activist campaigns at the local level. This was a gathering of sit-in leaders to meet, assess their struggles and explore the possibilities for future actions.
The Black church, at the time, had largely female membership and male leadership.
Whereas some northern organizers tended to talk down to rural southerners, Baker's ability to treat everyone with respect helped her in recruiting. However, she was not considered for the role of executive director, which went to Reverend John Tilley.
It was a new formulation, bringing to the traditional appeal of democracy an innovative tie to broader participation. Martin Luther King, Jr. The organization would rely on the southern black church for the base of its support. Baker continued her college education at Shaw, graduating as valedictorian in She did not believe that the program should be so channeled through White, the executive secretary, and the national office and not the people out in the field.
She majored in sociology, graduated as class valedictorian inand then moved to New York City at the age of She lobbied for a reduction in the rigid hierarchy within the association and for placing more power in the hands of capable local leaders. Baker saw the potential for a special type of leadership by the young sit-in leaders, who were not yet prominent in the movement.
She became its president in King was a better orator than democratic crusader [she] concluded. They divorced in They also expanded their grassroots movement among black sharecroppers, tenant farmers and others throughout the South.
With her guidance and encouragement, SNCC became one of the foremost advocates for human rights in the country. She also ran a voter registration campaign called the Crusade for Citizenship.
It envisioned itself as the political arm of the black church. There, she became active with the local NAACP branch, focusing on police brutality and school desegregation.
In she traveled the country in support of the "Free Angela" campaign, demanding the release of activist and writer Angela Daviswho had been arrested in California as a communist. Ella Baker rarely discussed her private life or marital status. While traveling throughout the South on behalf of the NAACP, Baker met hundreds of black people, establishing lasting relationships with them.
She served as a volunteer. And inshe participated in the formation and coordination of the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party MFDP in response to the all-white pro-segregation composition of the Mississippi Democratic Party.
The MFDP succeeded in forcing a party rule change allowing minorities and women to sit as delegates at the Democratic National Convention in Ella Baker rarely discussed her private life or marital status. She believed that the bedrock of any social change organization is not the eloquence or credentials of its top leaders, but in the commitment and hard work of the rank and file membership and willingness and ability of those members to engage in a process of discussion, debate, and decision making.
She got top officials to deliver lectures, offer welcoming remarks, and conduct workshops. She got top officials to deliver lectures, offer welcoming remarks, and conduct workshops. Representation in other media[ edit ] The documentary Fundi: Learn More in these related Britannica articles: She was unsettled politically, physically, and emotionally.
She ultimately became the branch president inbut stepped down in favor of an unsuccessful campaign for New York City Council in. There would not have been a SNCC without Ella Baker. While serving as Executive Secretary for the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), she organized the founding conference of SNCC, held at Shaw University in Raleigh, North Carolina during the Easter weekend of Ella Baker's Early Life.
Ella Jo Baker was born on December 13,in Norfolk, Virginia. Growing up in North Carolina, she developed a sense for social justice early on, due in part to her grandmother's stories about life under slavery.
At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance--A New History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power.
Ella Baker: Ella Baker, American community organizer and political activist who brought her skills and principles to bear in the major civil rights organizations of the midth century. Baker was reared in Littleton, North Carolina. In she began attending the high school academy of Shaw University in.
The Ella Baker Center for Human Rights is named after a brilliant, Black hero of the civil rights Freedom Movement who inspired and guided emerging leaders. We build on her legacy by building the power of black, brown, and poor people to create solutions for one of the biggest drivers of.
We are named after Ella Baker, a brilliant, Black hero of the civil rights movement. Following in her footsteps, we organize with Black, Brown, and low-income people to shift resources away from prisons and punishment and towards opportunities that make our communities safe, healthy, and strong.Ella baker